Dating italian guns

  • How Beretta Became the Maker of the World’s Finest Firearms
  • What you need to know about gun laws and ownership in Italy
  • Best watches for wall
  • Italian gun laws change as leaders push “legitimate defense”
  • Bofors gun scam gets new twist with arrest of Italian businessman Ottavio Quattrocchi
  • The Most Treacherous Battle of World War I Took Place in the Italian Mountains

Jump to navigation. For Quattrocchi, a prime accused in the bribery scandal, had successfully evaded arrest since he fled India on July 29, shortly after his appeals in Switzerland for disallowing Indian investigators access to his bank accounts were struck down by the Federal Court. Quattrocchi, a close friend of the Gandhi family who represented the Italian fertiliser firm SnamProgetti during his year stay in India, was taken by surprise when the Kuala Lumpur police arrived at his 10th floor office on Jalan Raja Chulan shortly after Within hours, he was presented first before the magistrate and then in the sessions court. Quattrocchi’s arrest has been a hard road for the CBI, the Indian Foreign Office, the country’s diplomatic missions and even political leaders.

How Beretta Became the Maker of the World’s Finest Firearms

Just after dawn we slipped into the forest and hiked a steep trail to a limestone wall. A curious ladder of U-shaped steel rungs was fixed to the rock. To reach the battlefield we would trek several miles along this via ferrata , or iron road, pathways of cables and ladders that traverse some of the most stunning and otherwise inaccessible territory in the mountains of northern Italy. We scaled the 50 feet of steel rungs, stopping every ten feet or so to clip our safety tethers to metal cables that run alongside.

A half-hour in, our faces slick with sweat, we rested on an outcropping that overlooked a valley carpeted with thick stands of pine and fir. Sheep bleated in a meadow, and a shepherd called to them. We could see the Pasubio Ossuary, a stone tower that holds the remains of 5, Italian and Austrian soldiers who fought in these mountains in World War I. The previous night we had slept near the ossuary, along a country road where cowbells clanged softly and lightning bugs blinked in the darkness like muzzle flashes.

Joshua Brandon gazed at the surrounding peaks and took a swig of water. In the spring of , the Austrians swept down through these mountains. Had they reached the Venetian plain, they could have marched on Venice and encircled much of the Italian Army, breaking what had been a bloody yearlong stalemate. But the Italians stopped them here.

For the next two hours our trail alternated between heady climbing on rock faces and mellow hiking along the mountain ridge. By mid-morning the fog and low clouds had cleared, and before us lay the battlefield, its slopes scored with trenches and stone shelters, the summits laced with tunnels where men lived like moles.

Both Joshua and I had fought in Iraq, but we had never known war like this. Our path joined the main road, and we hiked through a bucolic scene, blue skies and grassy fields, quiet save for the sheep and the birds. Two young chamois scampered onto a boulder and watched us. What this had once been strained the imagination: We passed a hillside cemetery framed by a low stone wall and overgrown with tall grass and wildflowers.

Most of its occupants had reached the battlefield in July of and died over the following weeks. They at least had been recovered; hundreds more still rest where they fell, others blown to pieces and never recovered. This article is a selection from the June issue of Smithsonian magazine. On a steep slope not far from here, an archaeologist named Franco Nicolis helped excavate the remains of three Italian soldiers found in They already had their sunglasses, because they were attacking to the east.

This is the official truth. But for them, how did they think about their position? As Joshua, Chris and I walked through the saddle between the Austrian and Italian positions, Chris spotted something odd nestled in the loose rocks. For nearly two decades he has worked as a professional climbing and skiing guide, and years of studying the landscape as he hikes has honed his eye for detail. In previous days he found a machine gun bullet, a steel ball from a mortar shell and a jagged strip of shrapnel.

Now he squatted in the gravel and gently picked up a thin white wedge an inch wide and long as a finger. He cradled it in his palm, unsure what to do with this piece of skull. The Italians came late to the war. An estimated , Italians and , Austrians would die on the Italian Front, many of them in a dozen battles along the Isonzo River in the far northeast. But the front zigzagged miles—nearly as long as the Western Front, in France and Belgium—and much of that crossed rugged mountains, where the fighting was like none the world had ever seen, or has seen since.

Soldiers had long manned alpine frontiers to secure borders or marched through high passes en route to invasion. But never had the mountains themselves been the battlefield, and for fighting at this scale, with fearsome weapons and physical feats that would humble many mountaineers. Alexander Powell wrote in The destruction of World War I overwhelms.

Nine million dead. Twenty-one million wounded. The massive frontal assaults, the anonymous soldier, faceless death—against this backdrop, the mountain war in Italy was a battle of small units, of individuals. In subzero temperatures men dug miles of tunnels and caverns through glacial ice. They strung cableways up mountainsides and stitched rock faces with rope ladders to move soldiers onto the high peaks, then hauled up an arsenal of industrial warfare: And they used the terrain itself as a weapon, rolling boulders to crush attackers and sawing through snow cornices with ropes to trigger avalanches.

After heavy snowfalls in December of , avalanches buried 10, Italian and Austrian troops over just two days. Until recently, that included him as well. Joshua, who is 38, studied history at the Citadel and understands the theory of war, but he also served three tours in Iraq. He wears a beard now, trimmed short and speckled with gray, and his 5-foot-9 frame is wiry, better for hauling himself up steep cliffs and trekking through the wilderness.

In Iraq he had bulked to nearly pounds, thick muscle for sprinting down alleyways, carrying wounded comrades and, on one afternoon, fighting hand-to-hand. But he struggled at home, feeling both alienated from American society and mentally wrung out from combat. In he left the Army as a major and sought solace in the outdoors. He found that rock climbing and mountaineering brought him peace and perspective even as it mimicked the best parts of his military career: Once he understood the skill needed to travel and survive in mountains, he looked at the alpine war in Italy with fresh eyes.

How, he wondered, had the Italians and Austrians lived and fought in such unforgiving terrain? Chris, who is 43, met Joshua four years ago at a rock gym in Washington State, where they both live, and now climb together often. I met Joshua three years ago at an ice-climbing event in Montana and Chris a year later on a climbing trip in the Cascade Mountains. Our shared military experience and love of the mountains led us to explore these remote battlefields, like touring Gettysburg if it sat atop a jagged peak at 10, feet.

The fighting soon devolved into trench warfare in the northeast and alpine combat in the north. Hover over the icons below for information on major battles. If the Italian Front is largely forgotten elsewhere, the war is ever-present across northern Italy, etched into the land. The mountains and valleys are lined with trenches and dotted with stone fortresses. Rusted strands of barbed wire sprout from the earth, crosses built from battlefield detritus rise from mountaintops, and piazza monuments celebrate the heroes and the dead.

We had spent weeks before our trip reading histories of the war in Italy and had brought a stack of maps and guidebooks; we knew what had happened and where, but from Nicolis we sought more on who and why. Nicolis, who is 59, specialized in prehistory until he found World War I artifacts while excavating a Bronze Age smelting site on an alpine plateau a decade ago. Ancient and modern, side by side. By the time he broadened his focus, many World War I sites had been picked over for scrap metal or souvenirs.

The scavenging continues—treasure hunters recently used a helicopter to hoist a cannon from a mountaintop—and climate change has hastened the revelation of what remains, including bodies long buried in ice on the highest battlefields. On the Presena Glacier, Nicolis helped recover the bodies of two Austrian soldiers discovered in They had been buried in a crevasse, but the glacier was feet higher a century ago; as it shrank, the men emerged from the ice, bones inside tattered uniforms.

The two skulls, both found amid blond hair, had shrapnel holes, the metal still rattling around inside. One of the skulls had eyes as well. Goodbye my son. Please come back soon. And they completely disappeared, as if they never existed. These are what I call the silent witnesses, the missing witnesses. The team of historians, mountaineers and archaeologists restored the site to what it might have been a century ago, a sort of living history for those who make the long journey by cable car and a steep hike.

Helmets and crampons, mess kits, hand grenades and pieces of clothing hang in vertical rows of five items, each row set above a pair of empty straw overshoes. The effect was stark and haunting, a soldier deconstructed. Here I am. This is a person. Artifacts over empty shoes. I am present. The sky threatened rain, and low clouds wrapped us in a chilly haze. I stood with Joshua on a table-size patch of level rock, halfway up a 1,foot face on Tofana di Rozes, an enormous gray massif near the Austrian border.

Below us a wide valley stretched to a dozen more steep peaks. We had been on the wall six hours already, and we had another six to go. As Chris climbed feet overhead, a golf ball-size chunk of rock popped loose and zinged past us with a high-pitched whir like whizzing shrapnel. Joshua and I traded glances and chuckled. The Tofana di Rozes towers over a foot-tall blade of rock called the Castelletto, or Little Castle.

In a single platoon of Germans occupied the Castelletto, and with a machine gun they had littered the valley with dead Italians. So an Italian camp bled to death at the foot of the mountain. But the route—steep, slick with runoff and exposed to enemy fire—was beyond the skill of most. The assignment went to Ugo Vallepiana and Giuseppe Gaspard, two Alpini with a history of daring climbs together. Starting in a deep alcove, out of Austrian view, they worked up the Tofana di Rozes, wearing hemp-soled shoes that offered better traction than their hobnailed boots and dampened the sounds of their movements.

We were climbing a route not far from theirs, with Chris and Joshua alternating the lead. One would climb up about feet, and along the way slide special cams into cracks and nooks, then clip the protective gear to the rope with a carabiner, a metal loop with a spring-loaded arm. In other places, they clipped the rope to a piton, a steel wedge with an open circle at the end pounded into the rock by previous climbers. If they slipped, they might drop 20 feet instead of hundreds, and the climbing rope would stretch to absorb a fall.

Vallepiana and Gaspard had none of this specialized equipment.

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Spent shell casings from an over-and-under shotgun. Photo Credit:

What you need to know about gun laws and ownership in Italy

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Registered users: Last visit was: Mon May 06, 8: Year of Manufacture for Italian Firearms Moderator: Year of Manufacture for Italian Firearms. Wed Mar 29, 4: All firearms made in Italy are required by law to be tested by the Government Proof House, which marks the firearm with several symbols, one of which is a code identifying the year in which the firearm was proofed. A key to the code is shown below.

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Just after dawn we slipped into the forest and hiked a steep trail to a limestone wall. A curious ladder of U-shaped steel rungs was fixed to the rock. To reach the battlefield we would trek several miles along this via ferrata , or iron road, pathways of cables and ladders that traverse some of the most stunning and otherwise inaccessible territory in the mountains of northern Italy.

Italian gun laws change as leaders push “legitimate defense”

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Bofors gun scam gets new twist with arrest of Italian businessman Ottavio Quattrocchi

For decades they supplied the standard issue pistol of the U. Domestically, however, few Italians have owned guns for self defense. But now, analysts say a growing sense of insecurity — and some of the country’s new leaders — are bringing a shift in Italy’s gun laws and culture, and despite falling crime rates, more Italians are arming themselves for security. Italy has produced over 1 billion dollars worth of the estimated 2 billion dollars of shotguns imported by the United States over the last decade, according to preliminary data from Small Arms Analytics. The epicenter of the Italian firearms industry is Brescia, in the country’s mountainous north. Dozens of gunmakers have been based here for hundreds of years, among the most famous of which is Perazzi, whose shotguns are used by Olympians and kings.

The Most Treacherous Battle of World War I Took Place in the Italian Mountains

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Italians do not have a fundamental right to bear arms, and there are tough laws regulating both ownership and use of guns in the country. Before buying a gun, you first need to get a gun purchasing licence Licenza di porto d’armi o Nulla osta — this is also necessary if you inherit or are given a weapon. To be eligible, you must be over 18, have a certificate from a shooting range to prove you can safely use the firearm, have a clean criminal record, and state that you are not suffering from mental health or drug addiction problems. And once you possess a gun, it must be reported to the Interior Ministry within a hour period by going to a police station. Even with the purchasing licence, there are limits to the number of weapons and amount of ammunitions you can get: Holders of a special Firearms Collectors’ Licence can own a higher number of weapons, but are forbidden from using or moving them and from buying ammunition. In certain cases, they are required to house the weapons in a safe room that meets police specifications. A police officer holds a gun confiscated in a mafia raid across Naples.

Сьюзан отдала приказ: – Перепечатайте сверху. Нужно читать по вертикали, а не по горизонтали. Пальцы Соши стремительно забегали по клавишам. – Так посылал свои распоряжения Цезарь! – сказала Сьюзан.  – Количество букв всегда составляло совершенный квадрат.

Тридцать секунд. – Давайте же, – прошептал Фонтейн.  – Вычитайте, да побыстрее. Джабба схватил калькулятор и начал нажимать кнопки. – А что это за звездочка? – спросила Сьюзан.  – После цифр стоит какая-то звездочка. Джабба ее не слушал, остервенело нажимая на кнопки.

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